Manual dla ln

LN(1) User Commands LN(1)

ln - make links between files

ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME (1st form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET (2nd form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY (3rd form)
ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET... (4th form)

In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME. In
the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory. In the
3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY. Create
hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic. When creating
hard links, each TARGET must exist.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

make a backup of each existing destination file

-b like --backup but does not accept an argument

-d, -F, --directory
allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note:
will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the

-f, --force
remove existing destination files

-n, --no-dereference
treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were
a normal file

-i, --interactive
prompt whether to remove destinations

-s, --symbolic
make symbolic links instead of hard links

-S, --suffix=SUFFIX
override the usual backup suffix

-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

-T, --no-target-directory
treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

-v, --verbose
print name of each linked file

--help display this help and exit

output version information and exit

The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIM-
PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the
--backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
Here are the values:

none, off
never make backups (even if --backup is given)

numbered, t
make numbered backups

existing, nil
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

simple, never
always make simple backups

Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

Report bugs to <>.

Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License
<>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the
extent permitted by law.

link(2), symlink(2)

The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the com-

info ln

should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 6.9 March 2007 LN(1)