Manual dla cp

CP(1) User Commands CP(1)

cp - copy files and directories


Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

-a, --archive
same as -dpPR

make a backup of each existing destination file

-b like --backup but does not accept an argument

copy contents of special files when recursive

-d same as --no-dereference --preserve=link

-f, --force
if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it and
try again

-i, --interactive
prompt before overwrite

-H follow command-line symbolic links

-l, --link
link files instead of copying

-L, --dereference
always follow symbolic links

-P, --no-dereference
never follow symbolic links

-p same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

preserve the specified attributes (default: mode,ownership,time-
stamps), if possible additional attributes: links, all

don't preserve the specified attributes

use full source file name under DIRECTORY

-R, -r, --recursive
copy directories recursively

remove each existing destination file before attempting to open
it (contrast with --force)

control creation of sparse files

remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

-s, --symbolic-link
make symbolic links instead of copying

-S, --suffix=SUFFIX
override the usual backup suffix

-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

-T, --no-target-directory
treat DEST as a normal file

-u, --update
copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination
file or when the destination file is missing

-v, --verbose
explain what is being done

-x, --one-file-system
stay on this file system

--help display this help and exit

output version information and exit

By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and
the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well. That is the behav-
ior selected by --sparse=auto. Specify --sparse=always to create a
sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough
sequence of zero bytes. Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of
sparse files.

The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIM-
PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the
--backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
Here are the values:

none, off
never make backups (even if --backup is given)

numbered, t
make numbered backups

existing, nil
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

simple, never
always make simple backups

As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and
backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an
existing, regular file.

Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

Report bugs to <>.

Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License
<>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the
extent permitted by law.

The full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and cp programs are properly installed at your site, the com-

info cp

should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 6.9 March 2007 CP(1)