Manual dla bison


bison - GNU Project parser generator (yacc replacement)

bison [ -b file-prefix ] [ --file-prefix=file-prefix ] [ -d ] [
--defines=defines-file ] [ -g ] [ --graph=graph-file ] [ -k ] [
--token-table ] [ -l ] [ --no-lines ] [ -n ] [ --no-parser ] [ -o out-
file ] [ --output-file=outfile ] [ -p prefix ] [ --name-prefix=prefix ]
[ -t ] [ --debug ] [ -v ] [ --verbose ] [ -V ] [ --version ] [ -y ] [
--yacc ] [ -h ] [ --help ] [ --fixed-output-files ] file
yacc [ similar options and operands ]

Bison is a parser generator in the style of yacc(1). It should be
upwardly compatible with input files designed for yacc.

Input files should follow the yacc convention of ending in ..y. Unlike
yacc, the generated files do not have fixed names, but instead use the
prefix of the input file. Moreover, if you need to put C++ code in the
input file, you can end his name by a C++-like extension (.ypp or
.y++), then bison will follow your extension to name the output file
(.cpp or .c++). For instance, a grammar description file named
parse..yxx would produce the generated parser in a file named, instead of yacc's or old Bison version's

This description of the options that can be given to bison is adapted
from the node Invocation in the bison..texinfo manual, which should be
taken as authoritative.

Bison supports both traditional single-letter options and mnemonic long
option names. Long option names are indicated with -- instead of -.
Abbreviations for option names are allowed as long as they are unique.
When a long option takes an argument, like --file-prefix, connect the
option name and the argument with =.

-b file-prefix
Specify a prefix to use for all bison output file names. The
names are chosen as if the input file were named file-prefix..c.

Write an extra output file containing macro definitions for the
token type names defined in the grammar and the semantic value
type YYSTYPE, as well as a few extern variable declarations.

If the parser output file is named name..c then this file is
named name..h.

This output file is essential if you wish to put the definition
of yylex in a separate source file, because yylex needs to be
able to refer to token type codes and the variable yylval.

The behavior of --defines is the same than -d option. The only
difference is that it has an optional argument which is the name
of the output filename.

Output a VCG definition of the LALR(1) grammar automaton com-
puted by Bison. If the grammar file is foo..y , the VCG output
file will be foo..vcg.

The behavior of --graph is the same than -g option. The only
difference is that it has an optional argument which is the name
of the output graph filename.

This switch causes the output to include a list of
token names in order by their token numbers; this is defined in
the array yytname. Also generated are #defines for YYNTOKENS,

Don't put any ##line preprocessor commands in the parser file.
Ordinarily bison puts them in the parser file so that the C com-
piler and debuggers will associate errors with your source file,
the grammar file. This option causes them to associate errors
with the parser file, treating it an independent source file in
its own right.

Do not generate the parser code into the output; generate only
declarations. The generated file will have only con-
stant declarations. In addition, a name..act file is generated
containing a switch statement body containing all the translated

-o outfile
Specify the name outfile for the parser file.

The other output files' names are constructed from outfile as
described under the -v and -d switches.

-p prefix
Rename the external symbols used in the parser so that they
start with prefix instead of yy. The precise list of symbols
renamed is yyparse, yylex, yyerror, yylval, yychar, and yydebug.

For example, if you use -p c, the names become cparse, clex, and
so on.

In the parser file, define the macro YYDEBUG to 1 if it is not
already defined, so that the debugging facilities are compiled.

Write an extra output file containing verbose descriptions of
the parser states and what is done for each type of look-ahead
token in that state.

This file also describes all the conflicts, both those resolved
by operator precedence and the unresolved ones.

The file's name is made by removing or ..c from the parser
output file name, and adding ..output instead.

Therefore, if the input file is foo..y, then the parser file is
called by default. As a consequence, the verbose out-
put file is called foo..output.

Print the version number of bison and exit.

--help Print a summary of the options to bison and exit.

Equivalent to -o; the parser output file is called, and the other outputs are called y..output and
The purpose of this switch is to imitate yacc's output file name
conventions. Thus, the following shell script can substitute
for yacc and is often installed as yacc:

bison -y ""$$@@""

The Bison Reference Manual, included as the file bison..texinfo in the
bison source distribution.

Self explanatory.

local BISON(1)